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National Park Quiz 36: Management

Aerial view of Poverty Point National Monument in 1938. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photo via Wikipedia.

1. The photo accompanying this quiz is a 1938 aerial view of the land that eventually became Poverty Point National Monument. Although Poverty Point is one of the National Park System’s 391 units, it is owned and operated by the State of
a. Arizona
b. Colorado
c. Louisiana
d. Ohio

2. The National Park Service administers ______ in cooperation with The Nature Conservancy, which owns all but the 32-acre Cultural Zone of the nearly 11,000-acre park.
a. Whiskeytown National Recreation Area
b. Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve
c. Timpanagos Cave National Monument
d. Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument

3. The Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, a component of _____, is the only National Park Service-administered wildlife refuge in the United States.
a. Gateway National Recreation Area
b. Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area
c. Cape Cod National Seashore
d. Cape Hatteras National Seashore

4. In 1996, Congress created a new federal agency to manage, in partnership with the National Park Service, an administrative unit of ______ that consists of thousands of acres of land containing hundreds of historically significant buildings. Congress stipulated that the agency must manage the unit so as to make it economically self-sustaining.
a. Gateway National Recreation Area
b. Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area
c. Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area
d. Golden Gate National Recreation Area

5. The National Park Service jointly administers ______ with APVA Preservation Virginia.
a. Historic Williamsburg
b. Historic Jamestowne
c. Monticello
d. Mount Vernon

6. In 1994, the National Park Service and the California Department of Parks and Recreation administratively combined ______ with the three abutting state parks for the purpose of cooperative forest management and the stabilization of forests and watersheds as a single unit.
a. Redwood National and State Parks
b. Point Reyes National Seashore
c. Muir Woods National Historic Site
d. Yosemite National Park

7. The National Park Service works in partnership with the ______ to manage Canyon de Chelly National Monument.
a. Bureau of Land Management
b. Navajo Nation Parks and Recreation Department
c. U.S. Forest Service
d. State of Arizona

8. The National Park Service manages the North Unit of ______ and the National Park Service and the Oglala Sioux jointly manage the South Unit.
a. Badlands National Park
b. Theodore Roosevelt National Park
c. Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
d. Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

9. The National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management each have primary jurisdiction over specific areas of
a. Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
b. Vermilion Cliffs National Monument
c. Denali National Park & Preserve
d. Craters of the Moon National Monument & Preserve

10. Under the terms of a cooperative agreement with the National Park Service, the Idaho Department of Parks and Recreation manages
a. Golden Spike National Historic Site
b. City of Rocks National Reserve
c. Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site
d. Hovenweep National Monument

Extra Credit Question

11. There are 16 true National Preserves in the National Park System, but the Valles Caldera National Preserve in _________ is administered by a special non-profit trust outside of the National Park System.
a. New Mexico
b. Arizona
c. Texas
d. Washington

Super Bonus Question:

12. There are more than 70 National Monuments in the National Park System, but ______ other Federal agencies also have responsibility for managing National Monuments.
a. two
b. three
c. four
d. five


(1) c – Poverty Point National Monument, which preserves some of the largest prehistoric earthworks in North America, is a 911-acre national park situated in northeastern Louisiana. Congress created the park in 1988 with the expectation that the land would be donated to the Natonal Park Service, but the transfer never took place. Today, Poverty Point consists entirely of nonfederal land and has no federally facilities.

(2) b – Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve is almost wholly privately owned. The cooperative agreement with The Nature Conservancy specifies that the federal government may own no more than 180 acres of land within the authorized boundaries of the park.

(3) a -- The Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge consists of more than 9,000 acres of estuarine marshlands, woods, and water encompassing Jamaica Bay, a tidal estuary situated on the southwestern tip of Long Island adjacent to John F. Kennedy International Airport. Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge is not part of the National Wildlife Refuge System, which is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

(4) d – The Presidio Trust, a U.S. Government Corporation, manages most of the Presidio unit of Golden Gate National Recreation Area in partnership with the Park Service. The Trust has jurisdiction over the interior 80 percent of the Presidio (including nearly all of the historic structures), while the National Park Service manages shoreline areas.

(5) b – The National Park Service and APVA Preservation Virginia (formerly the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities) jointly administer the Historic Jamestowne component of Colonial National Historical Park. The 22.5-acre Jamestown Island tract that was designated Jamestown National Historic Site in 1940 is not part of the national park. Rather, it is owned and operated by APVA Preservation Virginia as an Affiliated Area.

(6) a -- The administrative unit co-managed by the National Park Service and the California Department of Parks and Recreation, consists of Redwood National Park plus Prairie Creek State Park, Del Norte Coast State Park, and Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park. It bears the awkward title Redwood National and State Parks.

(7) b – The Navajo Nation owns all of the land in Canyon de Chelly National Monument. Unhappy with the current joint management arrangement with the NPS, the Navajo Nation wants to be the sole manager of the property.

(8) a – The South Unit at Badlands is on Oglala Sioux reservation land. The Oglala Sioux are unhappy with the current managerial arrangement and are considering options that include demanding complete control of the property.

(9) d – Among the listed properties, Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve is the only one that is jointly managed. Interestingly, the Bureau of Land Management is the sole manager of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument and Vermilion Cliffs National Monumen, but both Grand Staircase-Escalante and Vermillion Cliffs have joint visitor centers with Glen Canyon National Recreation Area.

(10) b – The 14,107 acres within the boundaries of City of Rocks National Reserve include 4,480 acres of nonfederal land. The State of Idaho co-manages City of Rocks as one of Idaho’s 30 state parks.

(11) a -- The Valles Caldera Trust administers the Valles Caldera National Preserve, which is located in New Mexico’s Jemez Mountains. The Trust Board consists of seven members appointed by the President, the Forest Supervisor of Santa Fe National Forest, and the Superintendent of Bandelier National Monument.

(12) d -- National Monuments are also administered by the US Forest Service (6), the Bureau of Land Management (13), the US Fish and Wildlife Service (1), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1), and the Armed Forces Retirement Home (1). Among the six National Monuments that the Forest Service administers are two National Volcanic Monuments.

Grading: 9 or 10 correct, rest on your laurels; 7 or 8 correct, pretty darn good; 6 correct, passable fair; 5 or fewer correct, nothing to brag about.


Great quiz! Please correct the answer key to show that B Historic Jamestowne is the correct answer for question number 5. The text describing the answer is correct, but the incorrect letter (C, indicating Montecello) is listed.

[Ed: The correction has been made, with thanks to Kevin.]

Wow, only got one wrong (including the bonus questions). My best showing yet! Sadly, one I got wrong (the Craters of the Moon) is one I actually visited. I thought the City of Rocks was the jointly managed recreation area, being a haven for recreational rock climbers. Are you sure that's not the correct answer? ;-)


My travels through the National Park System:

Jeez, Barky, I can't get eleven correct myself! I demand a recount.

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